In gardening, grafting involves cutting off a branch of an existing “donor” plant and placing it on to another “recipient” plant so that the receiving plant bears the same fruit as the donor.
In the Agile Transformation Playbook, grafting occurs when an existing agile team (or individual) is placed into a non-agile department or division so that their agile knowledge, practices and behaviors are successfully transferred to the the receiving department.
A grafting play works well when:
Grafting has a number of advantages when compared to other plays, including:
There are a few disadvantages often encountered when grafting:
A variant of grafting is a reverse-graft, where a non-agile individual is embedded in an agile team or department, instead of the opposite. Jeff Sutherland, a co-creator of Scrum, recommends this approach and it has some advantages over grafting because the ratio of agile to non-agile individuals is much higher. However, it also takes quite a bit longer to transform many non-agile individuals into agile ones.